Breed standards vary regionally in the US. The following was adopted by the now defunct Cashmere Producers of America (CaPrA). Elements have been incorporated into breed standards set by the regional breeder’s organizations.
“A cashmere goat has fiber that is less than 18.5 microns in diameter with a Coefficient of Variation no greater than 24%. Each fiber is long (1.25″ minimum) yet crimpy. Guard hair must be radically differentiated from the down fiber in every way. The goat must also exhibit good conformation, especially concerning teeth, bone structure and body type.”
Fiber diameter is described as Mean Fiber Diameter (MFD). Fiber must demonstrate a MFD of 18.5 microns or less. Uniformity of fiber diameter is represented on the histogram as Coefficient of Variation (CV) and must be no greater than 24%. Outlying fibers must be easily removed from the fleece.
Style is defined as the crimp or curvature of the individual fibers. Style can be measured and is represented on the style histogram as deg/mm (degrees of circular arc per mm). Individual fibers should exhibit three dimensional, irregular crimp along their entire length. Mean style measurements on the histogram should be no less than 45 deg/mm.
Fiber length is measured in its relaxed (crimpy) state, and must be no less than 1.25 inches (32 mm).
Fiber differentiation. Guard hair should be coarse enough to be easily differentiated from down fibers.
Head should be well-proportioned to neck and body size. Horns may be of any style and shape that is functional and safe. Males must be “masculine” and females must be “feminine”.
Teeth should be flush with the dental pad. When viewed from the side, upper and lower jaws should be symmetrical.
Forequarters. Neck should be well-proportioned to frame. Shoulders should be well-muscled and strong. Legs should be straight, strong, well-muscled, and proportional to frame. Shoulders, knees and pasterns should be correctly angled and strong. Forequarter movement should be free and correct.
Back. Barrel should be long, broad, and well-muscled. Chest should be wide with ribs that are well-sprung with adequate girth in proportion to frame. Back should be strong and straight from shoulder to rump.
Hindquarters. Rump should be broad, long, and well-muscled, with only a slight slope between hook bones and pin bones. Rear legs should be strong, well-muscled, and proportional to frame. Hips, hocks and pasterns should be correctly angled and strong. Hindquarter movement should be free and correct.
Feet. Hooves should be sturdy, broad, well-formed, and proportional to frame. Inter digital division should be adequate, and both claws should be symmetrical.
Female Reproductive System. Udder should be round with good suspension, and with two teats that are functional and symmetrical. Vulva should be normally developed for age.
Male Reproductive System. Two testicles should be present, smooth and symmetrical, and of adequate size for age. Any split in the scrotum should extend no more than one third total scrotal length. Two undeveloped teats should be present. Sheath should be normally developed for age.
Body Balance. The body should be well-proportioned overall. The front and rear quarters should be of equal height and the bone structure should be adequate to support the frame. When the goat walks, it should move smoothly and evenly.