Salmonellosis is an acute, contagious disease of sheep and goats characterized by digestive upset, diarrhea and general illness. It is caused by Salmonella typhimurium. Some predisposing factors include stress due to transportation, starvation, inclement weather and overcrowding. Differentiating clinical signs are fever, usually 105 degrees plus (normal is 102 degrees), lack of appetite, weight loss, watery green feces mixed with mucous and blood, dehydration and death. Treatment is administration of of antibiotics, fluids both oral and IV and intensive care. Reduction of shipping stress by providing food during shipment, medicated water, and isolation of infected or newly arrived animals all contribute to prevention.

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